Map projections are a powerful and essential tool for GIS development. Geo-F/X has a
complete library of support for map projections. This library is based on the
USGS’ General Cartographic Transformation Package and the EPSG.
Supported projections include almost all common datums and ellipsoids as well
as most common projections, including all NAD27 and NAD83 state plane projections and
The section below is small sample of some of the world projections supported. The
image is based on the NGDC 5 minute DEM data of the world, rendered by a Geo-F/X
algorithm and displayed using a variety of map projections. For a brief description
of how these were produced, click here. To see a
large version of the image, simply click on the thumbnails adjacent to the
||The Mercator projection is familiar as it is very widely used. It is characterized
by straight meridians and parallels that intersect at right angles. Scale is true
at the equator or at two standard parallels equidistant from the equator.
The projection is often used for marine navigation because all straight lines
on the map are lines of constant azimuth
||The Miller projection, like the Mercator, has straight meridians and parallels
that meet at right angles, but straight lines are not of constant azimuth. Shapes
and areas are distorted. Directions are true only along the equator, but the
projection avoids the scale exaggerations of the Mercator projection.
||The Robinson projection is what is called a pseudo-projection because it is
not purely geometric formulae, but is based on tables of coordinates. The
projection has been designed to balance the distortion of shape, area, scale,
||The Mollweide projection, based on a secant azimuthal method is often used for
world maps because it tends to retain the shapes of areas. Scale is true only
along the standard parallels of 41 N and 41 S.
||Sinusoidal equal-area maps have straight parallels at right angles to a
central meridian. Scale is true only on the central meridian and the parallels.
Often used for regional projections in countries with a large north-south extent.
||This is a simple projection onto the WGS 84 spheroid, centered at 150 E longitude
||Another geographic projection onto the WGS 84 spheroid, this one centered at
110 W longitude
||This projection onto the WGS spheroid, is looking down onto the abyssal
plain of the Arctic Ocean.
||A “selenographic” projection of the moon, derived from the
topographic data from the Clementine mission